A number of medications are available for the management of both motor and non-motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD). All of them are directed at easing symptoms and improving quality of life. At this time, no cure or disease-modifying therapy -- one that stops or slows disease progression -- has been proven. Significant work is ongoing in this area, though, as well as in the development of improved medications for motor symptoms and expanded options for non-motor symptoms. (Read more on the Therapies in Development page and visit the Recently Approved Therapies page to see which drugs have reached market in the last few years.)
Drugs for motor symptoms primarily target tremor, stiffness and slowness while those for non-motor symptoms focus on the associated symptoms (such as depression, sleep disturbances and low blood pressure) that may arise throughout the course of disease. To learn more about specific medications for motor and non-motor symptoms associated with Parkinson's disease, click on the tabs below.
Medication treatments are tailored to each person's unique symptoms so there is no "one-size-fits all" approach. Most often, drug therapy is started when symptoms interfere with a person's ability to do what they want or need to do. If, when and which medication to begin are personal decisions best made in conjunction with your movement disorder specialist. You should take into account your symptoms and how and to what degree they interfere with your life as well as the potential benefits, side effects and costs of the currently available medications. Your doctor will also consider your age and other medical conditions and medications outside of Parkinson's.