Dr. Ali Jahanshahi is an associate professor of experimental neuromodulation in the department of neurosurgery in Maastricht University Medical Center (the Netherlands). He did his doctoral research at Maastricht University, and received his PhD in 2012 on neurotransmitter alterations in neurodegenerative disorders and neuromodulation. He has received grants through the Dutch Research Council’s NOW Talent Program, and his research is focused on understanding the neurobiological mechanisms behind the effects and side effects of deep brain stimulation (DBS), with the goal of improving DBS therapy. Moreover, he aims to develop novel neuromodulation approaches as superior alternatives to standard DBS. Additional areas of scientific interest include studying the anatomical pathology of Parkinson’s disease using Magnetic Resonance Imaging and postmortem histology. Dr. Jahanshahi has authored more than 80 peer-reviewed articles, and he has obtained a number of national, international and industrial grants.