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Fyn knockdown prevents levodopa-induced dyskinesia in a mouse model of Parkinson's disease

Dopamine replacement by levodopa is the most widely used therapy for Parkinson's disease (PD), however patients often develop side effects, known as levodopa-induced dyskinesia (LID), that usually need therapeutic intervention. There are no suitable therapeutic options for LID, except for the use of the NMDA receptor antagonist amantadine, which has limited efficacy. The NMDA receptor is indeed the most plausible target to manage LID in PD and recently the kinase Fyn- one of its key regulators- became a new putative molecular target involved in LID. The aim of this work was to reduce Fyn expression to alleviate LID in a mouse model of PD. We performed intra-striatal delivery of a designed micro-RNA against Fyn (miRNA-Fyn) in 6-OHDA-lesioned mice treated with levodopa. The miRNA-Fyn was delivered either before or after levodopa exposure to assess its ability to prevent or revert dyskinesia. Pre-administration of miRNA-Fyn reduced LID with a concomitant reduction of FosB-ΔFosB protein levels -a marker of LID- as well as decreased phosphorylation of the NR2B-NMDA subunit, which is a main target of Fyn. On the other hand, post L-DOPA delivery of miRNA-Fyn was less effective to revert already established dyskinesia, suggesting that early blocking of Fyn activity might be a more efficient therapeutic approach. Together, our results provide proof of concept about Fyn as a plausible therapeutic target to manage LID, and validate RNA silencing as a potential approach to locally reduce striatal Fyn, rising new perspectives for RNA therapy interventions in PD.

Significance Statement: Levodopa induced dyskinesia (LID) is an incapacitant side effect of treatment in Parkinson's disease (PD). LID is a therapeutic challenge, lacking an effective pharmacological treatment, except for the use of inhibitors of the NMDA receptor, which have limited efficacy and may trigger untoward side effects. The kinase Fyn is a key regulator of NMDA function and a potential therapeutic target to control LID. Here, we show that RNA interference therapy to reduce the amount of Fyn mRNA in the adult brain is effective to prevent LID in a mouse model of PD, setting the grounds for future biomedical interventions to manage LID in PD.

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